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How does evaporative cooling contribute to environmental protection?
Evaporative cooling makes responsible and sustainable use of water, favoring the reduction of its consumption, as well as its reuse in a safe way, thus contributing to the protection of the environment. At a time like the current one in which one of the great challenges is, in addition to respecting the environment, energy saving, this technology becomes an alternative to keep in mind.
The use of water as a natural refrigerant, the principle of operation of evaporative refrigeration equipment – cooling towers and evaporative condensers – guarantees the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions contributing to the protection of the environment, increasing energy efficiency and ensuring Environmental and economic sustainability. Moreover, these devices are not harmful to the environment, since their use of water is part of their natural hydrological cycle, specifically at the point of the evaporation process.
In summary, the general reduction of CO2 emissions and the decrease of primary energy sources, two of the main objectives of the European Union in its 2020 Strategy, are closer to being achieved thanks to the use of evaporative cooling equipment.
These equipments offer an ideal combination of energy use and installation cost, which results in an optimal investment / performance ratio compared to similar solutions. For this reason its use is essential in those industries that need cold in their manufacturing processes, which in turn requires electrical energy.
But how do evaporative refrigeration equipment reduce energy consumption?
Its electricity consumption is lower. In air cooling systems, increasing the condensation temperature decreases the refrigeration production of the installation, that is, to produce the same cooling effect, a compressor, an electric drive motor and a condenser of higher sizes and costs are required.
The reduction of energy consumption is achieved for two reasons: the efficiency of the process and the high energy efficiency it offers. Efficiency is given because, the greater the efficiency of the industrial process, the lower the amount of energy lost and the easier it is to get rid of waste heat. The high performance derives from the fact that evaporative cooling allows to achieve water cooling temperatures of up to + 25 ° C or less, as well as the use of intermediate heat exchangers, so that the processed fluid can be cooled in a closed circuit up to 30 ° C or less.
Emissions of greenhouse gases
Water is a common denominator of all the challenges of sustainable development and evaporative refrigeration equipment ensures its quality – guaranteed by the control and maintenance to which said equipment is subjected -, its reuse, its effective use and the reduction of its consumption. In addition, the use of water as a refrigerant, which does not provide CO2 emissions, makes it a clean and environmentally friendly technology that favors the reduction of the effects of climate change.
Likewise, the greenhouse effect is reduced by limiting indirect CO2 emissions thanks to the saving of electricity consumed, and direct, due to the lower risk of refrigerant gas leaks.
Among other advantages:
Evaporative cooling has been adapted to the new demands of the environment and of the available natural resources:
98% of the water used in a tower is reused, leaving 1% for evaporation and 1% for purging.
The lower energy required by these facilities compared to cooling equipment for air condensation means a great saving in the cost of water at source derived from the electrical production necessary for its operation.
With this equipment, consumption is reduced and water use is improved.
In their operating process they evaporate 1% of the total water flow for every 7 ºC of cooling, water vapor that leaves the tower through the drop separators, one of the most important elements in terms of safety, since by performing its function of preventing the small sprayed droplets from being carried away by the air flow, in case the water was eventually contaminated by Legionella, it would also prevent the emission of potentially dangerous aerosols.
It is necessary to emphasize the little water footprint (HH) that leave behind a benefit in line with water security. This environmental indicator evaluates the total volume of fresh water used in the production of goods and services, an element to be taken into account in the evaluation of the economic and environmental cost of any product. The Water Footprint not only allows you to evaluate which technology is more convenient at any time and for each application, but also is an awareness tool, since the estimates it offers help to reflect on the need for optimal management of the water.
Technological improvements allow us to consider that the drag phenomenon, with high efficiency separators placed on the market, represents between 0.01% and 0.002% (in certain models) of the recirculation water flow, the amount of water that could get lost in the drag is between 20 and 100 times less than evaporated water and up to five hundred in some models.
Consequently, the amount of water lost by trawling is not significant and the aerosol output is of no practical importance if the standards related to the quality of drop separators, assembly and maintenance of the equipment are followed.
The principle of evaporative cooling plays a fundamental role in any industrial process that requires the application of cold. Energy saving, respect for the environment, security and an unbeatable relationship between investment and performance.
Control y Ventilacion, S.L. is a company of international renown within the industrial and livestock sector, for being a manufacturer of products within the evaporative cooling sector, such as the HUMIBAT, evaporative plastic cooler; or its NUCLEOS towers, Cooling Towers. In both products, the substrate in which the evaporative process is produced is a plastic honeycomb, a honeycomb resistant both to physical and chemical attacks, and at the same time flexible, a honeycomb with a mesh structure, made of polyethylene High Density, and marketed under the names of PANAL C & V or in the case of being a drop separator, SEPARADOR C & V .
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